Hover Travelling and you can Bee Travel Varieties Assortment

Bee Variety Assortment

From 2009 so you’re able to 2018, 192 bee diversity (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) had been involved inside the Calanques Government Park via both on the internet and you will pan trap series. They belonged so you’re able to half a dozen families and you may 38 genera. Megachilidae are among the most categories-steeped family members, with Apidae and you will Halictidae, that have 53, 49, and 43 kinds, correspondingly. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 is actually the wealthiest genus, with 33 assortment, if you’re 7 genera were depicted about one types (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Dining table 1 [on the web just] ). Making use of the jackknife step 1 and dos bots, the newest bee variety richness is largely estimated is ranging from ± nine.89 and you may ± . This new viewed fullness hence illustrated 71.3 to help you 79.6% of the projected bee fullness ( Desk dos). The fresh new Chao1 approach estimated new viewed richness to locate 76.8% of your possible limitation richness ( Dining table dos). Probably the most numerous types is simply Apis mellifera L. (276 someone), which have Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and 168 anyone, respectively), and you may Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 anyone). Eventually, 50 kinds (26%) was indeed portrayed by one personal (singletons).

Environment Characteristics out-of Bees

Concerning your ecological qualities out-of nesting means, i realized 59 solitary bee https://hookupwebsites.org/flirthookup-review/ species nesting over floor, ninety five solitary bee assortment nesting below ground and you can 23 cleptoparasitic assortment, similar to 29.eight, 47.9, and numerous.0% of the done bee range richness, correspondingly. I idea of five personal varieties (bumble bees and you may honey bees-dos.1%). Sooner or later, new nesting choice away from fourteen variety are nevertheless unknown (eight.3%- Supp Dining table the initial step [online just] ). Regarding your flowery diet plan out of bee groups, we unearthed that 105 items (54.7%) foraged toward of numerous plant species (i.ages., generalist variety, polylectic) and you can 51 species (twenty six.5%) foraged using one bush relatives otherwise you to definitely/couple plant kinds (i.decades., top-notch variety, oligolectic). Towards kept thirty-six bee diversity (18.8%), the newest flowery eating plan wasn’t understood (elizabeth.grams., with cleptoparasitic types). perhaps not, very generalist varieties presented a desires for one or a variety regarding plant parents ( Supp Dining table 1 [on the web merely] ). Into the 44 singletons, fourteen bee categories (28%) ended up being specialist, and nine bee kinds (18%) had been cleptoparasitic ( Supp Desk step one [on the web only] ).

A passionate IUCN position can easily be bought getting 178 diversity (leaving out the new groups buildings and you will unfamiliar brands). The most, 47 sizes is categorized since investigation lacking (DD-twenty six.4%), 124 variety were at least worried (LC-69.6%), half a dozen kinds had been close endangered (NT-step three.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and you may L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and another species is thought threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Desk step one [on line only] ). Around three oligolectic groups had been one of many seven endangered bee brands. An effective. ovatula and you can C. albomaculatus was professional with the Fabaceae, D. argentata is basically a professional to the Caprifoliaceae.

Out-of 2009 to 2018, 38 variety of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) had been trapped to the Calanques Federal Playground. They belonged to twenty-four genera ( Supp Dining table dos [on line merely] ). Many abundant genera was basically Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 people), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (fourteen some body), and Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de- Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville into the Latreille, 1828 (thirteen someone), while 20 versions (53%) were represented on the just one individual ( Supp Dining table dos [online just] ). The fresh bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) were portrayed of your 20 varieties, along with five singletons (25%) ( Supp Table 3 [on line only] ). The quotation regarding complete range richness away-from hover flies and you may bee flies are between 83 and you may 97 classes using the jackknife 1 and you can dos indexes, respectively. Therefore, the viewed richness illustrated 59.8–69.9% of the projected hover travel and you may bee fly richness ( Desk 2).